Some links are restricted to participants in the class.

  1. Asher, Nicholas and Lascarides, Alex. 2008. Making the right commitments in dialogue. Paper presented at the University of Michigan Linguistics and Philosophy Workshop, November 21-23.
  2. Baayen, R. Harald. 2001. Word Frequency Distributions. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  3. Baccianella, Stefano, Esuli, Andrea, and Sebastiani, Fabrizio. 2010. SentiWordNet 3.0: an enhanced lexical resource for sentiment analysis and opinion mining. In Proceedings of the Seventh Conference on International Language Resources and Evaluation, 2200-2204. European Language Resources Association.
  4. Bille, Philip. 2005. A survey on tree edit distance and related problems. Theoretical Computer Science 337: 217–239.
  5. Blair-Goldensohn, Sasha, Hannan, Kerry, McDonald, Ryan, Neylon, Tyler, Reis, George A., and Reynar, Jeff. 2008. Building a sentiment summarizer for local service reviews. In WWW Workshop on NLP in the Information Explosion Era (NLPIX). Beijing, China: .
  6. Blutner, Reinhard. 1998. Lexical pragmatics. Journal of Semantics 15(2): 115–162.
  7. Blutner, Reinhard. 2000. Some aspects of optimality in natural language interpretation. Journal of Semantics 17(3): 189–216.
  8. Calhoun, Sasha, Carletta, Jean, Brenier, Jason, Mayo, Neil, Jurafsky, Daniel, Steedman, Mark, and Beaver, David. 2010. The NXT-format Switchboard corpus: a rich resource for investigating the syntax, semantics, pragmatics and prosody of dialogue. Language Resources and Evaluation 44(4): 387–419.
  9. Chierchia, Gennaro. 2004. Scalar implicatures, polarity phenomena, and the syntax/pragmatics interface. In Adriana Belletti, ed., Structures and Beyond: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, 39–103. New York: Oxford University Press. [The manuscript began circulating in 2001].
  10. Chierchia, Gennaro, Fox, Danny, and Spector, Benjamin. 2008. The grammatical view of scalar implicatures and the relationship between semantics and pragmatics. To appear in Claudia Maienborn, Klaus von Heusinger, and Paul Portner, eds., Semantics: An International Handbook of Natural Language Meaning. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  11. Davis, Wayne. 2010. Implicature. In Edward N. Zalta, ed., Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2010 Edition).
  12. Davis, Christopher. 2011. Constraining Interpretation: Sentence Final Particles in Japanese. PhD thesis, UMass Amherst.
  13. de Marneffe, Marie-Catherine, Christopher D. Manning and Christopher Potts. 2010. "Was it good? It was provocative." Learning the meaning of scalar adjectives. In Proceedings of the 48th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, 167-176. Uppsala, Sweden: Association for Computational Linguistics.
  14. de Marneffe, Marie-Catherine, Christopher D. Manning and Christopher Potts. 2011. Veridicality and utterance meaning. To appear in Proceedings of the Fifth IEEE International Conference on Semantic Computing: Workshop on Semantic Annotation for Computational Linguistic Resources, Stanford, CA: IEEE Computer Society Press.
  15. Fox, Danny and Katzir, Roni. 2009. On the characterization of alternatives. Ms., MIT and Cornell.
  16. Gazdar, Gerald. 1979. A solution to the projection problem. In Choon-Kyu Oh, David A. Dinneen, ed., Syntax and Semantics 11: Presupposition, 57–89. New York: Academic Press.
  17. Gazdar, Gerald. 1979. Pragmatics: Implicature, Presupposition and Logical Form. New York: Academic Press.
  18. Gelman, Andrew and Hill, Jennifer. 2007. Data Analysis Using Regression and Multilevel/Hierarchical Models. Cambridge University Press.
  19. Geurts, Bart. 2009. Scalar implicatures and local pragmatics. Mind and Language 24(1): 51–79.
  20. Grice, H. Paul. 1975. Logic and conversation. In Peter Cole, Jerry Morgan, ed., Syntax and Semantics 3: Speech Acts, 43-58. New York: Academic Press.
  21. Hearst, Marti A. 1992. Automatic acquisition of hyponyms from large text corpora. In Proceedings of COLING 1992, 539–545. Nantes: Association for Computational Linguistics.
  22. Hirschberg, Julia. 1985. A Theory of Scalar Implicature. PhD thesis, University of Pennsylvania.
  23. Horn, Laurence R. 1972. On the Semantic Properties of Logical Operators in English. PhD thesis, UCLA.
  24. Horn, Laurence R. 1984. Toward a new taxonomy for pragmatic inference: Q-based and R-based implicature. In Deborah Schiffrin, ed., Meaning, Form, and Use in Context: Linguistic Applications, 11–42. Washington: Georgetown University Press.
  25. Horn, Laurence R. 1989. A Natural History of Negation. University of Chicago Press. Reissued 2001 by CSLI.
  26. Horn, Laurence R. 1996. Presupposition and implicature. In Shalom Lappin, ed., The Handbook of Contemporary Semantic Theory, 299–319. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
  27. Joshi, Aravind K. 1982. The role of mutual belief in question answering systems. In Neil S. Smith, ed., Mutual Knowledge 181–197. London: Academic Press.
  28. Jurafsky, Daniel and Martin, James H. 2009. Speech and Language Processing: An Introduction to Natural Language Processing, Computational Linguistics, and Speech Recognition. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. [chapter 19: Lexical semantics]
  29. Levinson, Stephen C. 1995. Three levels of meaning. In Frank R. Palmer, ed., Grammar and Meaning: Essays in Honor of Sir John Lyons, 90–115. Cambridge University Press.
  30. Levinson, Stephen C. 2000. Presumptive Meanings: The Theory of Generalized Conversational Implicature. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  31. Lewis, David. 1976. Probabilities of conditionals and conditional probabilities. Philosophical Review 85: 297–315
  32. Manning, Christopher D. and Schütze, Hinrich. 1999. Foundations of Statistical Natural Language Processing. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  33. McKoon, Gail, Greene, Steven B., and Ratcliff, Roger. 1993. Discourse models, pronoun resolution, and the implicit causality of verbs. Journal of Experimental Psychology, Learning, Memory, and Cognition 19(5): 1040–1052.
  34. Munro, Robert, Steven Bethard, Victor Kuperman, Vicky Tzuyin Lai, Robin Melnick, Christopher Potts, Tyler Schnoebelen, and Harry Tily. 2010. Crowdsourcing and language studies: The new generation of linguistic data. Proceedings of the NAACL 2010 Workshop on Creating Speech and Language Data With Amazon’s Mechanical Turk, 122-130. Los Angeles, CA: Association for Computational Linguistics.
  35. Pantel, Patrick and Lin, Dekang. 2002. Discovering word senses from text. In Proceedings of the Eighth ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, 613–619. New York: ACM.
  36. Pitler, Emily, Louis, Annie, and Nenkova, Ani. 2009. Automatic sense prediction for implicit discourse relations in text. In Proceedings of the Joint Conference of the 47th Annual Meeting of the ACL and the 4th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing of the AFNLP, 683–691. Suntec, Singapore: Association for Computational Linguistics.
  37. Potts, Christopher. 2008. Indirect answers and cooperation: On Asher and Lascarides's 'Making the right commitments in dialogue'. Commentary paper for the University of Michigan Linguistics and Philosophy Workshop on Implicatures, Nov 21-23
  38. Potts, Christopher. 2011. On the negativity of negation. In Nan Li and David Lutz, eds., Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory 20, 636-659. Ithaca, NY: CLC Publications. [associated data and code]
  39. Potts, Christopher and Florian Schwarz. 2010. Affective 'this'. Linguistic Issues in Language Technology 3(5):1-30. [associated data and code]
  40. Prasad, Rashmi, Dinesh, Nikhil, Lee, Alan, Miltsakaki, Eleni, Robaldo, Livio, Joshi, Aravind, and Webber, Bonnie. 2008. The Penn Discourse Treebank 2.0. In Nicoletta Calzolari, Khalid Choukri, Bente Maegaard, Joseph Mariani, Jan Odjik, Stelios Piperidis, Daniel Tapias, ed., Proceedings of the Sixth International Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'08). Marrakech, Morocco: European Language Resources Association (ELRA).
  41. Russell, Benjamin. 2006. Against grammatical computation of scalar implicatures. Journal of Semantics 23(4): 361–382.
  42. Sadock, Jerrold M. 1978. On testing for conversational implicature. In Peter Cole, ed., Syntax and Semantics 9: Pragmatics, 281–297. New York: Academic Press.
  43. Sauerland, Uli. 2004. Scalar implicatures in complex sentences. Linguistics and Philosophy 27(3): 367–391.
  44. Saurí, Roser and Pustejovsky, James. 2009. FactBank: a corpus annotated with event factuality. Language Resources and Evaluation 43(3): 227–268.
  45. Snow, Rion, O'Connor, Brendan, Jurafsky, Daniel, and Ng, Andrew Y. 2008. Cheap and fast — but is it good? Evaluating non-expert annotations for natural language tasks. In Proceedings of the 2008 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing, 254–263. ACL.
  46. Snow, Rion, Jurafsky, Daniel, and Ng, Andrew Y. 2005. Learning syntactic patterns for automatic hypernym discovery. In Lawrence K. Saul, Yair Weiss, Léon Bottou, ed., Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 17, 1297–1304. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  47. Solan, Lawrence M. and Tiersma, Peter. 2005. Speaking of Crime: The Language of Criminal Justice. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
  48. Stolcke, Andreas, Ries, Klaus, Coccaro, Noah, Shriberg, Elizabeth, Bates, Rebecca, Jurafsky, Daniel, Taylor, Paul, Martin, Rachel, Meteer, Marie, and Van Ess-Dykema, Carol. 2000. Dialogue act modeling for automatic tagging and recognition of conversational speech. Computational Linguistics 26(3): 339–371.
  49. Tufte, Edward R. 2006. Beautiful Evidence. Cheshire, CT: Graphics Press.
  50. Turney, Peter D. and Pantel, Patrick. 2010. From frequency to meaning: vector space models of semantics. Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research 37: 141–188.
  51. van Rooy, Robert. 2004. Signalling games select Horn strategies. Linguistics and Philosophy 27(4): 493-527.